Prevalence of Schneirder’s First Rank Symptoms in Iraqi Schizophrenic Patients
Kerbala Journal of Medicine,
2013, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 1600-1607
Abstractbackground: Schizophrenia is a mental disorder defined in term of abnormal clinical
feature of behavior, affect, thinking and perception. Kurt Schneider 1887-1967
divided schizophrenic symptoms into 1st or 2nd rank are entirely devoid of any
therapy and are intended purely pragmatically diagnostically.
Objectives (aims): To determine the prevalence of Schneider’s First Rank Symptoms in Iraqi schizophrenic patients and explain the finding on a cultural basis.
Method: A cross sectional study that enrolled 76 schizophrenic patients treated as inpatient in Psychiatric Unit in Al-Diwaniya Teaching Hospital from1 May 2012 to 1 Jun. 2013, who met the diagnosis of schizophrenia according to ICD-10 and Schneider’s First Rank Symptoms according to C. S. Mellor . All patients were examined within a maximum of four days from admission to the hospital.
Results: This study revealed that 55% of them have clear First Rank Symptoms. The
commonest was somatic passivity, thought broadcast, commentary voices and thought
Conclusion: First Rank Symptoms are of value in the routine clinic diagnosis of
schizophrenia in Iraq.
Phenomenology or descriptive psychopathology is of vital importance and it needs
experience and training to help better clinical diagnosis of psychiatric disorder.
NOTE: FRS: First Rank Symptoms.
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