Prevalence of Current Smoking among Students in University of Kerbala
Kerbala Journal of Medicine,
2009, Volume 2, Issue 5, Pages 645-662
AbstractBackground: Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death and it is prevalent
among college students.
Objective: To determine the prevalence and to study the determinants of smoking
habit and its associated factors among college students together with their level of
knowledge about the health effects of smoking and attitudes towards cessation.
Design: A cross-sectional study.
Setting: University of Kerbala, Kerbala, Iٌraq.
Subjects and Methods: During December 2008 and January 2009, a sample of 1132
students (603 male and 529 female), between17 and 28 years of age, selected
randomly from 8 colleges, was taken. Each subject was questioned about his/her past
and present experience and attitude towards smoking, according to a modified
Arabian version of the World Health Organization (WHO) standard questionnaire,
and the data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences
(SPSS) 16.0, P-value greater than 0.05 was considered as statistically insignificant.
Results: Two hundred twenty students were smokers and 912 were nonsmokers. Of
the smokers 201 smokers were males and 19 were females, fifty percent were light
smokers, 37.7% were moderate smokers, and 12.3% percent were heavy smokers, and
the mean number of cigarettes smoked daily among the regular smokers was 14
Conclusions: The prevalence of cigarette smoking was 19.4%, and half of the
smokers were “light smokers”. The majority of the smokers were aware of the bad
effects of smoking and two thirds had a favorable attitude towards cessation.
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