Impact of Family Economic Status upon Juvenile Delinquency at ReformationSchools in Baghdad City: a case control study
Kerbala Journal of Medicine,
Volume 5, Issue 11, Pages 1268-1282
Abstractbjectives: To assess the family economic status of juvenile delinquents, to assess the family economic status of non-delinquents juvenile, to Identify the differences between cases and controls, and to find out the relationship between family economic status and some of delinquents’ variables. And used to determining the relationship between family economic status and juvenile parents' variables.
Methodology: The study carried out on a purposive “non probability” sample of (100) delinquents’ juveniles were selected from a Reformation schools for boys in Baghdad City. and 100 of non- delinquents juveniles who were matched with them from general population. A questionnaire is constructed for the purpose of the present study which is distributed across 2 main parts. Part one included the demographic characteristics of juvenile and their parents, and part two included sections of family economic status. The overall items which were included in the questionnaire are 42 items regarding juvenile delinquency, and 38 regarding non – delinquents juveniles. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire were determined through the review of a panel of experts and the pilot study. Data were collected through the period from September 2sd 2011 to October 2sd 2011. It was analyzed through the descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, and mean of score) and inferential statistics.
Results: The results revealed that were a significant difference was found in juvenile delinquents' family economic status with regard to their age at delinquent acts, duration of punishment, and mother occupational status. Also there were highly significant differences between case and control with regard to their family economic status.
Conclusion: The study concluded that juvenile delinquency is a serious problem facing families of children. Where family economic status plays an important role in the community of this problem and put the juveniles in trouble with the law because of their behavior, as evidenced by this study, that the instability of the family economic and related problems play an important role in the occurrence of this problem.
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