Tuberculosis in Babylon Governorate– Iraq (Three years before & Three years after 2003)
Kerbala Journal of Medicine,
Volume 3, Issue 6, Pages 766-771
AbstractBackground: Tuberculosis (Tb) is a common infectious disease caused by
Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, occasionally by Mycobacterium bovis &
africanum (tubercle bacilli), it is a major public health problem in Babylon & it seems
to be of a high prevalence at the last decade.
Aim: Study the TB infection according to some demographic points in Babylon
governorate during the years (2000-2001) & (2006-2007).
Patients & Methods: 2536 patients were involved in this study (1400 males 55.2% &
1136 females 44.8%). All of them were registered by a retrospective study at the
Tuberculosis & chest clinic at Babylon during the years ( 2000 , 2001 , 2006 , 2007 ) ,
the number of patient in each year was ( 633 , 653 , 634 & 616 ) respectively . Six
demographic parameters for each patient were studied (age, sex. area, site of
infection, sputum examination & month distribution of infection).
Results : the current study shows that there is no relationship statistically between Tb
infection during these years ( p > 0.05 ) , but there is a significant relation between Tb
& areas ( increases number of cases at the center of Babylon ) ( p < 0.01 ) , it also
shows that there is a high significant relation between the disease & the age of the
patient ( increase in younger age groups 16 – 30 years old ) ( p < 0.001 ) .
Conclusions: tuberculosis still a major public health problem in Babylon governorate,
the distribution of infection was nearly the same during the years of the study (three
years before & after 2003), Tb affects the younger age groups commonly & the
distribution of disease was concentrated at the center.
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