A Study to Determine the Commonest Type of Renal Stone inIraqi Patients Admitted to Al_ Hussein General Hospital in Kerbala
Kerbala Journal of Medicine,
Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 2148-2151
Abstractbackground: Kidney stones (calculi) are known to be one of the most painful medicalconditions. The causes of kidney stones vary according to the type of stone.
Aim: This study was employed to determine the incidence of kidney stones type in a group of patient in Kerbala from 2010 to 2012 in which 121patients were enrolled.
Patient and method: eighty six males and thirty five females were evaluated to determine the type of kidney stone that they had. The age average was between 30 and 50 years .
Results and discussion: It was found that uric acid stones has the highest rate of incidence (52.9%) in both sexes (70.31 % in males and 29.69 % in females). The second rank (27.8%) was occupied by calcium oxalate stones (69.7 % in males and 30.3% in females), the magnesium phosphate stone constitute about 11.5% of all the stones that were collected (64.3 % in males and 35.7 % in females) and cysteine stone constitute 4% (60% in males and 40% in females) was followed. In this study it was observed that xanthine and mixed stones were found in males only in small ratio (2.5% and 1.65% respectively).
Conclusion: it is clear that the most common type of renal stone affecting people in Kerbala was uric acid stone which may be due to dietary habit.
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